Lesson 2: Subject and Predicate


Whenever we make a sentence, we name some person or thing and say something about that person/thing. The part of a sentence which names the person or thing is called the Subject of a sentence. The other part of a sentence that tells something about the subject is called Predicate of a sentence. For example, in the sentence: The dog ran, the subject is the dog and predicate is ran. The subject of a sentence usually comes first but it is occasionally put after the predicate. For example, in the sentence: Here comes the bus, the subject is the bus and predicate is comes here (predicate is written in a way that makes sense).

In Imperative Sentences, the subject is excluded as it is understood that subject in such sentences is you. For example, in the sentence: Sit down, the predicate is sit down and subject is you.

In the following sentences, the subjects are marked in bold and predicates are italicized:

  1. The boy stood on the burning deck.
  2. Stone walls do not make a prison.
  3. The singing of the birds delights us.
  4. Miss Kitty was rude at the table one day.
  5. He has a good memory.
  6. Bad habits grow unconsciously.
  7. Nature is the best physician.
  8. On the top of a hill lives a hermit.


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