Whenever we make a sentence, we name some person or thing and say something about that person/thing. The part of a sentence which names the person or thing is called the Subject of a sentence. The other part of a sentence that tells something about the subject is called Predicate of a sentence. For example, in the sentence: The dog ran, the subject is the dog and predicate is ran. The subject of a sentence usually comes first but it is occasionally put after the predicate. For example, in the sentence: Here comes the bus, the subject is the bus and predicate is comes here (predicate is written in a way that makes sense).
In Imperative Sentences, the subject is excluded as it is understood that subject in such sentences is you. For example, in the sentence: Sit down, the predicate is sit down and subject is you.
In the following sentences, the subjects are marked in bold and predicates are italicized:
- The boy stood on the burning deck.
- Stone walls do not make a prison.
- The singing of the birds delights us.
- Miss Kitty was rude at the table one day.
- He has a good memory.
- Bad habits grow unconsciously.
- Nature is the best physician.
- On the top of a hill lives a hermit.