Curriculum Vitae (CV) or Resume is a document that tells your potential employer what you are capable of. Ideally, a CV should cover following 7 elements, in general:
1. Personal Details
2. Personal Statement
3. Work Experience/Internship/Travel Experiences & Challenges
6. Hobbies and Interests
About Your Personal Details and Personal Statement: While writing your resume, you must include your name, address, phone number/numbers and email address in your personal details. Including your nationality in a resume is not mandatory. Your personal statement should state the grandness of job you are applying for. One example of personal statement for the job of a teacher can be: “Education earns people respect”.
About Your Work Experience/Internship/Travel Experiences & Challenges: If you have no work experience and have done an internship previously; then include it in your CV under the heading of “Internship” instead of work experience. Include the name, location of an organization where you did your internship and the period in which you completed it in your resume.
However, if you haven’t done an internship before but have traveled to different places and faced challenges there; then, write about them in your CV under the heading of “Travel Experiences & Challenges” instead of internship. Write in bullet points where you did travel, challenges you faced there and how you overcome those challenges. Remember the part of travel experiences & challenges in curriculum vitae should be discussed after the portion of education.
If you have work experience; then, write the name/names, location/locations of company/companies where you have worked before and date/dates of your employment under the heading of “Work Experience” in reverse chronological order.
About Your Education: Most people are either technically qualified or academically. Some people are qualified technically as well as academically. Whatever education you have earned, you must write about it in reverse chronological order.
If you are technically qualified, write the name of your technical qualification/qualifications, institute/institutes where you received your qualification/qualifications and the period/periods of completion of your technical education under the heading of “Technical Qualification” instead of education.
If you are academically qualified, write the name of your academic qualification/qualifications, institute/institutes where you received your qualification/ qualifications and the year or years of completion of your academic education under the heading of “Academic Qualification” instead of education.
If you are qualified technically as well as academically; then, write about your academic education first under the subheading of “Academic Qualification”, then write about your technical education under the subheading of “Technical Qualification, both qualifications should be written under the main heading, “Education”.
About the Skills: You may have earned many skills during your studies and work period. It is a good idea to include your core skills in a CV. You should list at least 3 and at most 7 of your core skills in a resume. Your core skills can be effective communication, critical thinking, neat writing or many more.
About Your Hobbies And Interests: Writing about your hobbies and interests is optional but if you include them in your curriculum vitae; then, it will give your interviewer some idea about your personality. Whether you write about your hobbies (which can be planting, stamp collecting or others) or interests (which can be fictional books reading, playing computer games or others) in your CV, keep the details of these things short.
About the References: It is not necessary to include reference in your CV, so you can write under the heading of “References”: “References will be provided on request”. But if you want to include references; then, choose the name of persons who you think feel positive about you. You should only list 2 or 3 references. If you are applying for your first job; then, it’s a good idea to nominate your teachers and mentors, otherwise, give references of people whom you have worked with before.
Things to Be Careful About While Writing a CV
Your CV should be written in accordance with the rules of grammar. Moreover, it should be related to the job you are applying for. It is always a good idea to include a photograph (in formal dress) of yourself in your CV. While writing curriculum vitae, you should either choose “Arial” or “Times New Roman” fonts because they are easy to read. Avoid using font size smaller than 8 point; otherwise, it will create difficulty for the reader. Try to keep your CV to 1 page if possible. Last but not least, make sure your CV is presented well.